The liver is one of the most important organs in the human body and many-a-times it stops working. If proper treatment is not done, it can lead to death. However, these days, liver transplant or hepatic transplant is done which can save one’s life. Entire liver is surgically removed and is then replaced with an entire or a part of the liver from a healthy donor. This liver can be taken from a deceased or living donor. A liver transplant surgeon is the best person to suggest.
As the liver filters blood and removes toxins from your body, having a healthy liver is essential. If one suffers from severe acute of chronic liver diseases, then the last resort should be liver transplant. In such cases, it can unavoidable.
What are the survival rates for a liver transplant?
Based on one study, the survival rate is around 89% for the people after one year and 75% after five years. Few times, the original disease returns or the transplanted liver fails for some reason or the other. The role of the doctor is still crucial as he needs to monitor your recovery even long after the liver transplant so that the problems may be detected if any. Some suggest that antirejection medications need to be taken for your entire life after liver transplant.
Why are liver transplants done?
A person suffering from end-stage liver disease may be suggested a liver transplant by the doctor otherwise he will not be able to survive. The other reason why a it maybe suggested is when other treatments aren’t working to keep a person alive. Liver transplant is the solution when liver failure happens suddenly or there is chronic liver disease. Another reason why adults need liver transplants is cirrhosis. There are many causes of cirrhosis such as-
- Autoimmune hepatitis
- Chronic hepatitis C or hepatitis B
- Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
- Alcohol abuse
- Metabolic disorders
- Biliary atresia ( in new borns)
The other factors that are considered by the medical team in determining whether you require a liver transplant are-
- Your overall physical condition
- Other medical conditions
- Your mental well-being
- Severity of your condition
- A history of chronic infections like HIV and tuberculosis
Liver transplant in India is offered by many prestigious hospitals. It can take a lot of time to get a liver transplant, but the surgery can happen very soon once you find a match. A deceased person can donate his healthy liver which sometimes can be utilized for two recipients. An adult recipient can use the right side of the donated liver while the smaller left side of the organ can be used for children. However, a portion of liver can be donated by a healthy living donor too. This living donor must match the blood type of the receiver along with many other factors.
What’s next after your liver transplant?
After the transplant, usually one needs to stay at the hospital for three weeks. The success of your surgery along with your requirements for home care will be evaluated by the doctor during this time. One may take almost a year before one feels healthier.